Taste the beauty of poetry and feel the heart of thousands of ancient poems

  As one of the precious cultural heritages of the Chinese nation, Tang poetry is magnificent, vigorous, ambitious and profound in artistic conception, with profound aesthetic charm. To taste the beauty of Tang poetry is to feel its natural artistic conception and explore its national aesthetic ideal and its profound and meaningful spiritual light.

  Poems, including Tang poems, have taught China people a concept of life, penetrated deeply into the society, given us a sense of compassion, made us place infinite affection on nature, and looked at life with an artistic eye.

  01

  In classic ancient poetry,

  There is a cultural soul of our nation that has been born for thousands of years.

  Why should we revisit these classic poems? After all, in these ancient poems, there is a cultural soul that our nation has been living for thousands of years. So, what is the "endless cultural soul"?

  Qu Yuan's student, Song Yu, has a famous poem called "Nine Arguments". At the beginning of the poem, he said, "Alas, autumn is the spirit! The bleak grass and trees shake down and become weak. " More than 1000 years later, Du Fu expressed the kind of spiritual touch that this poem brought him. He said, ""Decay and decline": deep knowledge have I of Sung Yu's grief, romantic and refined, he too is my teacher. Sadly looking across a thousand autumns, one shower of tears, melancholy in different epochs, not at the same time. " (Five Poems about Historical Monuments II) Although they are in different times, separated by thousands of years, these two great and sentimental hearts in the cultural history of China are connected and met in the boundless historical time and space. More than 1,300 years later, when we read Lao Du's poems, "Worrying about Li Yuan in poor years, sighing about the heat in the intestines" ("Going to Fengxian from Beijing to recite 500 words"), we are also deeply touched by his great heart that sympathizes with the whole world. How can we not "sadly looking across a thousand autumns, one shower of tears" for him! To borrow a word from Mr. Zhou Ruchang, it is really "three hearts reflect on each other, and the true feelings are seen. Although we are separated by thousands of years, we are happy to meet each other". Chinese culture is handed down from generation to generation in this way, which is the endless cultural soul of our Chinese nation.

  There is a particularly touching word in "Flower Collection": "For my heart, for your heart, we will know each other and remember each other deeply"! (Gu Kui's Confession) As long as each of us in China is willing to read ancient poems and classics, we will certainly feel the beating of the loving and affectionate heart of the Chinese nation, and at that moment, you finally feel that it is really like a child who has been away from home for many years, and finally returns to the warm embrace of his mother, which is so happy and peaceful. We in China have found peace of life in poetry.

  As we all know, there are many ancient poems in primary school Chinese textbooks-this is the "classic". It can be said that one of the ways to connect with traditional culture is these "classic ancient poems"! As a China native, no matter your gender, occupation, age, and wherever you are, as long as you have received compulsory education in our country, you must have read the ancient poems in these textbooks, and you must know that Li Bai and Du Fu must have recited "The apes on both sides of the strait can't stop crying, and the canoe has crossed Chung Shan Man". You must have felt the joys and sorrows of our ancients in these ancient poems, and you must have felt the exquisiteness and beauty of the Chinese language.

  Perhaps for some people, because they have been away from school for many years, they can't remember these ancient poems, but as long as you see the fallen flowers on the ground after the wind and rain, you can still think of Meng Haoran's sentence "but now I remember the night, the storm, and I wonder how many blossoms were broken"; When you are in a foreign land, miss your loved ones and suddenly see the moon in the sky, Li Bai's words "lifting myself to look, I found that it was moonlight, sinking back again, I thought suddenly of home" pop up in your mind ... The blood of our Chinese culture is still flowing in the depths of your spirit for thousands of years!

  For example, Wei Yingwu's "at chuzhou on the western stream", "I feel sorry for the secluded grass, and there are orioles singing in the trees", is generally believed that this poem is only about the beautiful scenery and the poet's calm and comfortable mood. However, if you know Wei Yingwu's life and his life, it's different. He once wrote "ashamed to take pay while so many are idle" ("to my friends li dan and yuanxi"). As an official with conscience and ideals, after the Anshi Rebellion, his time and environment were exactly as the poem said, "Spring tides bring rain late", but the poet did not pitch with the world and go with the flow, but firmly said, "No one crossed the river in the wild"! The "no one is crossing the wild" here is quiet in the countryside, and even more, poets are independent and boundless, lamenting that there are few fellow travelers and it is hard to find a bosom friend, which is full of helpless isolation and sadness. But even so, the poet chose "boating on its own" without hesitation. This reminds people of Qu Yuan, who was "independent from the Soviet Union, but did not flow horizontally" (Ode to an Orange in Nine Chapters). Although they lived in different times and circumstances, their hearts were interlinked, and their blood flowed in the same strain in culture.

  02

  Studying classical poetry,

  Is to inherit the noble national humanistic spirit of the great ancient poets.

  And elegant artistic aesthetic taste.

  An important purport in the process of human civilization is to move towards nobility and elegance. The reason why a person's value orientation should undoubtedly be to deny the low and promote the high, to deny the ugly and praise the beautiful, to deny the despicable and praise the noble, to deny the vulgar and advocate the elegant. However, how to cultivate and perfect this noble and elegant personality spirit? In The Analects of Confucius Taber, Confucius once described the three stages of the cultivation of a complete personality: starting with poetry, standing in ceremony and becoming happy. Among poetry, ceremony and music, the study and education of poetry is the most basic. Therefore, in the Book of Rites, Confucius once said, "When you enter his country, your teaching can be known." He is also gentle and honest, and he teaches poetry. " No matter which country you go to, just look at the mental state of the people and you will know what enlightenment this country has implemented. If people are gentle in words and honest in behavior, it means that they have been educated by The Poetry. That is to say, the enlightenment of poetry can cultivate and purify people's temperament, enhance people's spiritual realm, and thus perfect their personality.

  Lin Yutang once specifically talked about the relationship between poetry and Chinese people in the book My Country and My People: Poetry has taught China people a concept of life, penetrated deeply into society through proverbs and poems, given them a sense of compassion for others, made them have infinite affection for nature, and viewed life with an artistic eye. Poetry heals the pain of people's hearts through their feelings for nature; Poetry has maintained a holy ideal for Chinese civilization by enjoying the education of simple living. Sometimes it appeals to romanticism, making people detached from this hard-working and boring world, gaining a kind of emotional sublimation, and sometimes it appeals to people's feelings such as sadness, submission and restraint, and purifies people's hearts through sad artistic reflection ...

  There are many scholars who hold similar views, and Mr. Ye Jiaying, a famous contemporary scholar, once said that "poetry can make people's minds immortal". In a word, poetry is an emotional and aesthetic art, which originates from our hearts and in turn nourishes our hearts. It is in this sense that learning poetry is to cultivate a gentle and honest mind. This kind of mind, full of upward, optimistic and tolerant, is full of the power of love.

  Take the Tang poetry as an example, which is permeated with a vigorous and promising spirit of the times. In the Tang Dynasty, both poetry and other artistic forms were fully developed. The whole vitality of the Chinese nation is healthy and vigorous, and it has developed to an unprecedented degree. It is precisely because of these historical conditions and social practice that the unique vigorous and enterprising spirit of the times in the Tang Dynasty was born. Just open the poems of the Tang Dynasty, such as "The bright moon in the Qin Dynasty was closed when the Han Dynasty was closed, and the people on the Long March did not return it", "The lonely sail is far away and the blue sky is exhausted, only the Yangtze River flows in the sky", "The Yellow River is far above the white clouds, and a lonely city, Wan Ren Mountain", "The desert is lonely and the long river falls in the yen", "leaves are dropping down like the spray of a waterfall and while I watch the long river always rolling on", "The words are exhausted, and the trip to Anxi is farther west", "Why don't men take Wu Gou and collect it?

  You will find that there are the Yangtze River and the Yellow River, mountains, vastness, sun and bright moon, optimism, self-confidence, lofty aspirations and a vigorous spirit of life! We have to sigh that the world of Tang poetry is really big, full of strength, heroic spirit and strong life.

  03

  Tang poetry harmonizes the syllables of Chinese classical poetry,

  The artistic features of concise writing and profound emotion have been pushed to an unprecedented height.

  The Tang Dynasty was the heyday and golden age of the development of China's classical poetry. Famous schools are colorful, really like stars, illuminating the eternal night sky of China classical poetry. From natural phenomena, political dynamics, working life, social customs to personal inner feelings, everything can't escape the poet's keen eyes and kind hearts, which has become the driving force and source of their creation. Tang poetry pushed the artistic features of Chinese classical poetry to an unprecedented height, and found a typical expression form for China's classical poetry. Even today, it still has strong vitality.

  Tang poetry is rich in aesthetic characteristics, which gives people the influence and infection of beauty. When we read the Tang poems, especially the metrical poems of the Tang Dynasty, the uniformity in the form of the poems and the architectural beauty with tangible images give people a very intuitive and strong feeling. The beauty of Tang poetry is more deeply manifested in its "being good at transforming the time art that originally passed in time sequence into a three-dimensional sense with space through the description and combination of specific images". For example, Du Fu's "the stars lean down from open space, and the moon comes running up the river" and Wang Wei's "The desert is lonely and the long river sets the yen" all turn the spectacular universe into a three-dimensional image that stands tall like a building. Another example is Sikong Shu's "and as raindrops brighten yellow leaves, the lamp illumines my white head" and Li Bai's "I shall think of you in a floating cloud, so in the sunset think of me". Their independent images are simply combined. On the surface, they seem to have nothing to do with each other, but they are all hidden in silence. When they are read in one breath, they are like a montage of movies, naturally giving birth to many flowing and deep feelings. No matter the former or the latter, they all turn time into space, and deeper time flows in the space.

  Tang poetry also has a kind of artistic beauty of mind-matter sympathy. China's ancient poetic aesthetic thought always emphasized the connection between mind and matter. Before the Tang Dynasty, the telepathy in literary works was only a simple correspondence between things and me. For example, between "Guan Guan's dove is in the river continent" in the Book of Songs and the following "My Fair Lady and Gentleman are Good", it was just a simple metaphor, and there was no internal harmony between them. After the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties until the Tang Dynasty, people gradually overcame the contradiction between things and me, objectivity and subjectivity in their poems, and further reached the point where scenes were born and blended, thus achieving higher achievements in poetry art and creating the highest artistic beauty of China's poems. For example, Lu Guimeng's "White Lotus" says: "Su Heng is often deceived by others, and this flower ends up in Yaochi. Who feels heartless and hateful? When the moon breeze is clear, it will fall. " This is an object-chanting poem. In his writing, the poet infused a strong feeling and melted it into the scenery. Therefore, although we saw all the scenery, we felt all the feelings. In the Ming Dynasty, Zhong Ji said in his "Snow Record": "In the Tang Dynasty, people chanted poems about things, except for the scenery, and they had a different kind of thinking, so they must get the message, and then people couldn't do it. Such as Lu Luwang's White Lotus, the beauty is not in words. " That is to say, when writing poems in the Tang Dynasty, apart from writing scenes and things, they also reveal some thoughts and feelings. Because of this kind of thoughts and feelings, the original scenery and things are covered with something that feels the soul, which makes people read, not only gaining my heart, but also having endless meaning.The scenery has changed from the external environment to the internal environment, and has become the artistic image and artistic world created by the poet. This is the artistic conception.

  We can say firmly and proudly that Tang poetry allows us to brew emotions and realize life in the construction of a space; It fluctuates with the poet's emotional rhythm; It has a kind of artistic conception beauty that is sympathetic to mind and matter, and it is filled with vigorous and enterprising spirit of the times.

  ◎ This article was originally published in Guangming Daily (author Zhu Zihui). The copyright of Tuyuan Network and pictures belongs to the original author. If there is any infringement, please contact to delete it.